Clinically - Dyslexia is a common neurodiverse condition that affects how an individual reads, spells, and writes. Dyslexia affects the Parieto-Temporal and Occipital-Temporal areas of the brain, which are not stimulated when an individual with dyslexia reads. Instead, only the Broca's Area, which is responsible for processing articulation and connecting sounds and letters, is activated.
Can result in:
headaches from difficulty reading
unintentional rearrangement of words
delay in learning to read
However, the difficulties of dyslexia entail much more than the commonly perceived struggle with reading.
Individuals with dyslexia may often suffer from headaches, low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression if not detected early on.
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental condition and formally classified as a learning "disability." This condition often can often present with ADHD --more than 50% of individuals with ADHD also have another learning difference such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, or dyspraxia. Dyslexia can be diagnosed through a comprehensive psychoeducational assessment, usually administered by a licensed psychologist or psychiatrist.
Socially - Individuals with dyslexia have many strengths. To list a few:
strong visual-spatial perception
strong connection building
strong attention to detail
strong 3-dimensional thinking
See below for excellent testaments to all the strengths dyslexia has to offer!
Dyslexia Q&A by amazing 16-year-old dyslexia and neurodiversity advocate, @life.with.dyslexia!
Life With Dyslexia IG: @life.with.dyslexia
Tips for Dyslexia, by @life.with.dyslexia
How Self Advocate for Dyslexia, from @life.with.dyslexia
These great tips for self-advocating can also apply for other neurodiverse conditions, including ADHD, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, autism, and more!
Dyslexia and Dysgraphia, by NeurodiverCity partner @dysandability
A lesser-known fact: about 60% of dyslexic pupils have a comorbid neurological condition.
Read more about dysgraphia here.
Dyslexia and Dyscalculia, by @dysandability
Though Dyslexia and Dyscalculia are very different, it's possible for a person to have both. Read more about dyscalculia here.
Dyslexia and Dyspraxia, by @dysandability
Did you know? 53% of people who have dyslexia also have dyspraxia!
Read more about dyspraxia here.